'Handout'相關日誌共 10篇

U 10 :: 2009/11/23 17:26

U10 Voc 1-13

prime minister 首相

Minister of Finance 財政部部長

Minister of Foreign Affairs 外交部部長

Minister of Education 教育部部長

Minister of Economic Affairs 經濟部部長

Minister of Justice 司法部部長

accept/take up an invitation 接受邀請函

refused/declined/turned down an invitation        拒絕…的邀請

a close/distant/blood relative

近親/遠親/血親

relative adj. 有關係的,相關的;相對性的

Your proposal isn't relative to the problem.

"Good" and "bad" are relative terms.

lack 當動詞為及物V 直接加受詞

lack confidence

Do you lack anything?

lack 當名詞 後常與介詞of連用

He took the job for lack of money.

New parents usually suffer from lack of sleep.

It’s a comment based on a total lack of information.

a litterbag (特指在交通工具使用的) 垃圾袋

No littering

I was caught in the rain and got soaked to the

skin. (全身溼透)

soak oneself in  埋頭於…,沉浸於…

Reading 1-24 p. 171

1. fall in love with sb.      愛上某人

說 明相當於be in love with sb. ßàbreak up with sb.意為「與某人分手」

例 句

1. John fell/was in love with his teacher's daughter.  (John愛上他老師的女兒。)

2. Diane broke up with her boyfriend because she found he fell/was in love with another girl.  (Diane和她的男友分手,因為她發現他愛上另一個女孩。)

練 習

1. Maria是如此的迷人,以致於Tony忍不住就愛上她了。

Maria is so attractive that Tony cannot help ___ ____ ____ ____ her.

 

2. turn + 年齡/時刻                                                       

說 明turn後面加上年齡或時刻意為「超過、到達某一年齡或時刻」,相當於be past

例 句

1. Tim has just turned/been past twenty. 

(Tim剛剛滿二十歲。)

2. Dad took a look at the clock and found it had turned/been past five o'clock.

(爸爸看了時鐘一眼,發現已過了五點。)

練 習

1. I fell in love with the minister's son in the winter when I ______ fourteen.

(A)past  (B)turned  (C)was turning  (D)passed

2. Ed ___ sixty last year, and now he is ___ his early sixties.

(A)turns; in  (B)turned; at  (C)turned; in  (D)has turned; at

3. Another day begins when it has __________ midnight.

(A)turned (B)changed (C)passed (D)been

B;C;A

 

3. as adj./adv. as...         和…一樣…

說 明"as...as..."意為「和…一樣…」,前一個as為副詞,後一個as為連接詞,而其所引導的子句常省略動詞。本句型改為否定句時,前一個as可以改為so

例 句

1. The housewife is as busy as a bee (is). 

(這個家庭主婦像蜜蜂般地忙碌。)

2. This diamond watch is as expensive as a car (is).     (這隻鑽錶和一臺車一樣貴。)

3. James didn't read the report as/so carefully as I (did).

(James沒有和我一樣仔細地閱讀這份報告。)

練 習

1. He was not Chinese, but ____ white ____ Mary in the manger.

(A)very; like  (B)so; as  (C)as; as 

(D)too; like

                             

4. S + V1 + as soon as + S + V2....

S + V1...upon + V2-ing....

說 明as soon as為附屬連接詞,用來連接表「時間」的副詞子句,可替換為介系詞uponon,其後接動名詞片語,表示「一…就…」。the moment/instant這些名詞可當連接詞用來連接副詞子句,相當於as soon as(見例句2)。

例 句

1. Amy rushed into the room to see what happened as soon as she heard the baby crying.

àAmy rushed into the room to see what happened (up)on hearing the baby crying.

(一聽到嬰兒在哭,Amy立刻衝入房內看發生了什麼事。)

2. As soon as the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.

à(Up)on seeing her mother, the frightened girl burst into tears.

àThe moment/instant the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.  (一看到母親,受驚的小女孩立刻嚎淘大哭。)

練 習

1. Mia一看到血就昏倒。

Mia fainted _____ _____ ____ she saw blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ she saw blood.

 

5. take the trouble to do V  不辭辛勞地去…

說 明類似片語有spare no effort to V; take pains to V

例 句

1. Busy as the traffic policeman was, he took the trouble/spared no effort/took pains to show me the way to the train station.

(雖然很忙,這個交通警察仍不嫌麻煩地告訴我到車站的路。)

2. Mother always takes the trouble/spares no effort/takes pains to pick me up. 

(媽媽總是不辭辛勞地來接我。)

練 習

1. Maria總是不嫌麻煩地替她的男友燙襯衫。Maria always _____ no _____ _____ iron her boyfriend's shirts.

3. 我們很感激那些不辭勞苦服務社會的人。

We are very grateful to those who ____ ____ to serve our society.

 

6. There be + N(P) + V-ing/V-en

說 明此句型中的現在分詞(V-ing)係由形容詞子句簡化而來,表示「主動(進行)」之意,修飾前方的名詞。若形容詞子句裡的動詞為被動語態,則可簡化為過去分詞(V-en)

例 句

1. There were a crowd of people protesting against the government's new regulation in the street.

(街上有一大群人在抗議政府的新法令)

2. There were many soldiers killed in that battle.  (很多士兵死於那場戰役中。)

3. There was a gun held in the robber's hand.  (搶匪手裡握著一把槍。)

練 習

1. There was a boy __________ stealing in the shop.    (A)catch    (B)caught

 (C)catching  (D)who caught

2. There were many students __________ in the classroom.  (A)singing  (B)sang         

(C)sung    (D)who singing

Pattern One p. 181

Voc 14-25 p. 177

Scottish rugby fans are licking their lips in anticipation.

lick one's lips 心急地期盼

lick one's boots 奉承討好

Dip the strawberries into melted chocolate.

Dipping sauce

murmur (v; n) 私下埋怨,發牢騷

The neighborhood murmured at the constant construction noise.

Mrs. Brown took care of her sick husband

without a murmur. (毫無怨言)

poke vt. 探出,伸出()

It was dangerous for the child to poke his head out of the window while the car was still moving.

poke one’s nose into sth 干涉,管閒事

pluck (v)

He plucked her a rose/ an apple.

他摘了一朵玫瑰花給她。

The noodle stand clerk plucked a couple of plastic bags from the roll

Has the goose been plucked?

鵝的毛拔掉了沒有?

He plucked the letter from her hands.

他從她手裡把信抓了過來。

I was astonished to learn that he had passed away.

The astonishing news came as a sudden shock.

The special effects of the movie were stunning. The audience was stunned.

What a shame! = What a pity!

真可惜! (表遺憾、可惜的事)

Shame on you!

你真是可恥!

His misconduct brings shame on the whole school.

他的惡劣行徑給整個學校帶來恥辱。

 

Reading 25-52 p. 172

7....N(P), V-ing/V-en...                                          

說 明此句型為非限定關係子句簡化成分詞片語的用法。視主動與被動決定動詞型態

例 句

1. Charlie Chaplin, acting (=who acted) in many silent movies in the 1920s, was a successful comedian.

(查理‧卓別林是一個在1920年代演出許多默片的成功喜劇演員。)

2. The Bermuda Triangle, (which is) surrounded by mystery, is an area between Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico.  (充滿神秘事件的百慕達三角洲是一個介於百慕達群島、佛羅里達州和波多黎各間的區域。)

練 習

1. My relatives, ____ across the table, dipped their chopsticks into the dozen plates of food.

(A)to reach  (B)reached  (C)reaching  (D)who reaching

2. Toast snails, often ____ as a delicacy in many French restaurants, will never be acceptable to most people.

(A)served  (B)serving  (C)be served 

(D)to serve

*3. The "V" sign, __________ for "victory," was first used by Winston Churchill.

(A)that stands  (B)stood   (C)which standing  (D)standing

 

8. or so                         大約

說 明相當於aboutmore or less。需注意的是about要放在數字單位之前,而or somore or less 則置於數字單位之後。此外more or less前後通常會加逗點。

例 句

1. It took me two days or so/, more or less, to write this report.

It took me about two days to write this report.

(我花了大約兩天寫這份報告。)

2. I have been waiting for Karen for forty minutes or so/, more or less.

I have been waiting for Karen for about forty minutes.

(我已經等了Karen大約四十分鐘。)

練 習

1. The newborn baby weighed seven pounds ___.    (A)even so  (B)so much 

(C)and so   (D)or so

 

9.pull off       達到、做到(某件難事)

例 句

1. The merchant is glad to have pulled off a deal.  (這商人很高興終於做成一筆生意。)

2. The reporter pulled off an exclusive interview.  (這個記者搶到一個獨家專訪。)

練 習

1. 牧師勉強打了一個無聲的嗝。

The minister managed to ___ ___ a quiet burp.

 

10. the same as...         和…一樣

說 明相等於like。這邊的same為代名詞,指同樣的人或事物。"the same as..."亦可改為把same當形容詞後面接名詞的用法:"the same + N + as..."

例 句

1. This comic book is the same as/like yours.

  (這本漫畫書和你的那本一樣。)

2. Bill went to New York in the same year as I did.  (Bill和我同一年去紐約。)

 

11. S + Aux not V/be not...until + N(P)....

It + is/was + not until + N(P) + that + S + V(-ed)/be....              直到…才…

說 明

此句型為將"not...until...."的句型改為強調句的用法,用來強調副詞片語"not until + N(P)"或副詞子同"not until + S + V",注意that後面的子句不必改成倒裝句。

例 句

Jimmy didn't tell me the truth until yesterday.

It was not until yesterday that Jimmy told me the truth.

Not until yesterday did Jimmy tell me the truth.  (直到昨天,Jimmy才對我說實話。)

Father will not come home for supper until 8 p.m.

It is not until 8 p.m. that Father will come home for supper.

Not until 8 p.m. will Father come home for supper.

(直到晚上八點爸爸才會回家吃晚飯。)

You will not know the importance of health until you are sick.

It is not until you are sick that you will know the importance of health.

Not until you are sick will you know the importance of health.

(直到生病,你才會知道健康的重要性。)

練 習

1. 直到雨停我們才出門。

We ____ go out ____ it stopped raining.

____ ___ not until it stopped raining ___ we went out.

___ ___ it stopped raining ___ ___ go out.

 

12.get over            從…恢復;忘懷…

說 明get over意為「從(疾病等)恢復、康復」時,相當於recover from

例 句

1. Mandy has got over/recovered from her illness, so she no longer looks pale.

(Mandy病好了,所以不再臉色蒼白。)

2. The little girl cannot get over the pain of losing her beloved pet.

(小女孩沒辦法淡忘失去心愛寵物的痛。)

練 習

1.喝熱水和多休息能幫你迅速從感冒中復原。

Drinking hot water and getting enough rest may help you ____ ___ your bad cold quickly.

 

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U 10 :: 2009/11/23 17:26

U10 Voc 1-13

prime minister 首相

Minister of Finance 財政部部長

Minister of Foreign Affairs 外交部部長

Minister of Education 教育部部長

Minister of Economic Affairs 經濟部部長

Minister of Justice 司法部部長

accept/take up an invitation 接受邀請函

refused/declined/turned down an invitation        拒絕…的邀請

a close/distant/blood relative

近親/遠親/血親

relative adj. 有關係的,相關的;相對性的

Your proposal isn't relative to the problem.

"Good" and "bad" are relative terms.

lack 當動詞為及物V 直接加受詞

lack confidence

Do you lack anything?

lack 當名詞 後常與介詞of連用

He took the job for lack of money.

New parents usually suffer from lack of sleep.

It’s a comment based on a total lack of information.

a litterbag (特指在交通工具使用的) 垃圾袋

No littering

I was caught in the rain and got soaked to the

skin. (全身溼透)

soak oneself in  埋頭於…,沉浸於…

Reading 1-24 p. 171

1. fall in love with sb.      愛上某人

說 明相當於be in love with sb. ßàbreak up with sb.意為「與某人分手」

例 句

1. John fell/was in love with his teacher's daughter.  (John愛上他老師的女兒。)

2. Diane broke up with her boyfriend because she found he fell/was in love with another girl.  (Diane和她的男友分手,因為她發現他愛上另一個女孩。)

練 習

1. Maria是如此的迷人,以致於Tony忍不住就愛上她了。

Maria is so attractive that Tony cannot help ___ ____ ____ ____ her.

 

2. turn + 年齡/時刻                                                       

說 明turn後面加上年齡或時刻意為「超過、到達某一年齡或時刻」,相當於be past

例 句

1. Tim has just turned/been past twenty. 

(Tim剛剛滿二十歲。)

2. Dad took a look at the clock and found it had turned/been past five o'clock.

(爸爸看了時鐘一眼,發現已過了五點。)

練 習

1. I fell in love with the minister's son in the winter when I ______ fourteen.

(A)past  (B)turned  (C)was turning  (D)passed

2. Ed ___ sixty last year, and now he is ___ his early sixties.

(A)turns; in  (B)turned; at  (C)turned; in  (D)has turned; at

3. Another day begins when it has __________ midnight.

(A)turned (B)changed (C)passed (D)been

B;C;A

 

3. as adj./adv. as...         和…一樣…

說 明"as...as..."意為「和…一樣…」,前一個as為副詞,後一個as為連接詞,而其所引導的子句常省略動詞。本句型改為否定句時,前一個as可以改為so

例 句

1. The housewife is as busy as a bee (is). 

(這個家庭主婦像蜜蜂般地忙碌。)

2. This diamond watch is as expensive as a car (is).     (這隻鑽錶和一臺車一樣貴。)

3. James didn't read the report as/so carefully as I (did).

(James沒有和我一樣仔細地閱讀這份報告。)

練 習

1. He was not Chinese, but ____ white ____ Mary in the manger.

(A)very; like  (B)so; as  (C)as; as 

(D)too; like

                             

4. S + V1 + as soon as + S + V2....

S + V1...upon + V2-ing....

說 明as soon as為附屬連接詞,用來連接表「時間」的副詞子句,可替換為介系詞uponon,其後接動名詞片語,表示「一…就…」。the moment/instant這些名詞可當連接詞用來連接副詞子句,相當於as soon as(見例句2)。

例 句

1. Amy rushed into the room to see what happened as soon as she heard the baby crying.

àAmy rushed into the room to see what happened (up)on hearing the baby crying.

(一聽到嬰兒在哭,Amy立刻衝入房內看發生了什麼事。)

2. As soon as the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.

à(Up)on seeing her mother, the frightened girl burst into tears.

àThe moment/instant the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.  (一看到母親,受驚的小女孩立刻嚎淘大哭。)

練 習

1. Mia一看到血就昏倒。

Mia fainted _____ _____ ____ she saw blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ she saw blood.

 

5. take the trouble to do V  不辭辛勞地去…

說 明類似片語有spare no effort to V; take pains to V

例 句

1. Busy as the traffic policeman was, he took the trouble/spared no effort/took pains to show me the way to the train station.

(雖然很忙,這個交通警察仍不嫌麻煩地告訴我到車站的路。)

2. Mother always takes the trouble/spares no effort/takes pains to pick me up. 

(媽媽總是不辭辛勞地來接我。)

練 習

1. Maria總是不嫌麻煩地替她的男友燙襯衫。Maria always _____ no _____ _____ iron her boyfriend's shirts.

3. 我們很感激那些不辭勞苦服務社會的人。

We are very grateful to those who ____ ____ to serve our society.

 

6. There be + N(P) + V-ing/V-en

說 明此句型中的現在分詞(V-ing)係由形容詞子句簡化而來,表示「主動(進行)」之意,修飾前方的名詞。若形容詞子句裡的動詞為被動語態,則可簡化為過去分詞(V-en)

例 句

1. There were a crowd of people protesting against the government's new regulation in the street.

(街上有一大群人在抗議政府的新法令)

2. There were many soldiers killed in that battle.  (很多士兵死於那場戰役中。)

3. There was a gun held in the robber's hand.  (搶匪手裡握著一把槍。)

練 習

1. There was a boy __________ stealing in the shop.    (A)catch    (B)caught

 (C)catching  (D)who caught

2. There were many students __________ in the classroom.  (A)singing  (B)sang         

(C)sung    (D)who singing

Pattern One p. 181

Voc 14-25 p. 177

Scottish rugby fans are licking their lips in anticipation.

lick one's lips 心急地期盼

lick one's boots 奉承討好

Dip the strawberries into melted chocolate.

Dipping sauce

murmur (v; n) 私下埋怨,發牢騷

The neighborhood murmured at the constant construction noise.

Mrs. Brown took care of her sick husband

without a murmur. (毫無怨言)

poke vt. 探出,伸出()

It was dangerous for the child to poke his head out of the window while the car was still moving.

poke one’s nose into sth 干涉,管閒事

pluck (v)

He plucked her a rose/ an apple.

他摘了一朵玫瑰花給她。

The noodle stand clerk plucked a couple of plastic bags from the roll

Has the goose been plucked?

鵝的毛拔掉了沒有?

He plucked the letter from her hands.

他從她手裡把信抓了過來。

I was astonished to learn that he had passed away.

The astonishing news came as a sudden shock.

The special effects of the movie were stunning. The audience was stunned.

What a shame! = What a pity!

真可惜! (表遺憾、可惜的事)

Shame on you!

你真是可恥!

His misconduct brings shame on the whole school.

他的惡劣行徑給整個學校帶來恥辱。

 

Reading 25-52 p. 172

7....N(P), V-ing/V-en...                                          

說 明此句型為非限定關係子句簡化成分詞片語的用法。視主動與被動決定動詞型態

例 句

1. Charlie Chaplin, acting (=who acted) in many silent movies in the 1920s, was a successful comedian.

(查理‧卓別林是一個在1920年代演出許多默片的成功喜劇演員。)

2. The Bermuda Triangle, (which is) surrounded by mystery, is an area between Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico.  (充滿神秘事件的百慕達三角洲是一個介於百慕達群島、佛羅里達州和波多黎各間的區域。)

練 習

1. My relatives, ____ across the table, dipped their chopsticks into the dozen plates of food.

(A)to reach  (B)reached  (C)reaching  (D)who reaching

2. Toast snails, often ____ as a delicacy in many French restaurants, will never be acceptable to most people.

(A)served  (B)serving  (C)be served 

(D)to serve

*3. The "V" sign, __________ for "victory," was first used by Winston Churchill.

(A)that stands  (B)stood   (C)which standing  (D)standing

 

8. or so                         大約

說 明相當於aboutmore or less。需注意的是about要放在數字單位之前,而or somore or less 則置於數字單位之後。此外more or less前後通常會加逗點。

例 句

1. It took me two days or so/, more or less, to write this report.

It took me about two days to write this report.

(我花了大約兩天寫這份報告。)

2. I have been waiting for Karen for forty minutes or so/, more or less.

I have been waiting for Karen for about forty minutes.

(我已經等了Karen大約四十分鐘。)

練 習

1. The newborn baby weighed seven pounds ___.    (A)even so  (B)so much 

(C)and so   (D)or so

 

9.pull off       達到、做到(某件難事)

例 句

1. The merchant is glad to have pulled off a deal.  (這商人很高興終於做成一筆生意。)

2. The reporter pulled off an exclusive interview.  (這個記者搶到一個獨家專訪。)

練 習

1. 牧師勉強打了一個無聲的嗝。

The minister managed to ___ ___ a quiet burp.

 

10. the same as...         和…一樣

說 明相等於like。這邊的same為代名詞,指同樣的人或事物。"the same as..."亦可改為把same當形容詞後面接名詞的用法:"the same + N + as..."

例 句

1. This comic book is the same as/like yours.

  (這本漫畫書和你的那本一樣。)

2. Bill went to New York in the same year as I did.  (Bill和我同一年去紐約。)

 

11. S + Aux not V/be not...until + N(P)....

It + is/was + not until + N(P) + that + S + V(-ed)/be....              直到…才…

說 明

此句型為將"not...until...."的句型改為強調句的用法,用來強調副詞片語"not until + N(P)"或副詞子同"not until + S + V",注意that後面的子句不必改成倒裝句。

例 句

Jimmy didn't tell me the truth until yesterday.

It was not until yesterday that Jimmy told me the truth.

Not until yesterday did Jimmy tell me the truth.  (直到昨天,Jimmy才對我說實話。)

Father will not come home for supper until 8 p.m.

It is not until 8 p.m. that Father will come home for supper.

Not until 8 p.m. will Father come home for supper.

(直到晚上八點爸爸才會回家吃晚飯。)

You will not know the importance of health until you are sick.

It is not until you are sick that you will know the importance of health.

Not until you are sick will you know the importance of health.

(直到生病,你才會知道健康的重要性。)

練 習

1. 直到雨停我們才出門。

We ____ go out ____ it stopped raining.

____ ___ not until it stopped raining ___ we went out.

___ ___ it stopped raining ___ ___ go out.

 

12.get over            從…恢復;忘懷…

說 明get over意為「從(疾病等)恢復、康復」時,相當於recover from

例 句

1. Mandy has got over/recovered from her illness, so she no longer looks pale.

(Mandy病好了,所以不再臉色蒼白。)

2. The little girl cannot get over the pain of losing her beloved pet.

(小女孩沒辦法淡忘失去心愛寵物的痛。)

練 習

1.喝熱水和多休息能幫你迅速從感冒中復原。

Drinking hot water and getting enough rest may help you ____ ___ your bad cold quickly.

 

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U 10 :: 2009/11/23 17:26

U10 Voc 1-13

prime minister 首相

Minister of Finance 財政部部長

Minister of Foreign Affairs 外交部部長

Minister of Education 教育部部長

Minister of Economic Affairs 經濟部部長

Minister of Justice 司法部部長

accept/take up an invitation 接受邀請函

refused/declined/turned down an invitation        拒絕…的邀請

a close/distant/blood relative

近親/遠親/血親

relative adj. 有關係的,相關的;相對性的

Your proposal isn't relative to the problem.

"Good" and "bad" are relative terms.

lack 當動詞為及物V 直接加受詞

lack confidence

Do you lack anything?

lack 當名詞 後常與介詞of連用

He took the job for lack of money.

New parents usually suffer from lack of sleep.

It’s a comment based on a total lack of information.

a litterbag (特指在交通工具使用的) 垃圾袋

No littering

I was caught in the rain and got soaked to the

skin. (全身溼透)

soak oneself in  埋頭於…,沉浸於…

Reading 1-24 p. 171

1. fall in love with sb.      愛上某人

說 明相當於be in love with sb. ßàbreak up with sb.意為「與某人分手」

例 句

1. John fell/was in love with his teacher's daughter.  (John愛上他老師的女兒。)

2. Diane broke up with her boyfriend because she found he fell/was in love with another girl.  (Diane和她的男友分手,因為她發現他愛上另一個女孩。)

練 習

1. Maria是如此的迷人,以致於Tony忍不住就愛上她了。

Maria is so attractive that Tony cannot help ___ ____ ____ ____ her.

 

2. turn + 年齡/時刻                                                       

說 明turn後面加上年齡或時刻意為「超過、到達某一年齡或時刻」,相當於be past

例 句

1. Tim has just turned/been past twenty. 

(Tim剛剛滿二十歲。)

2. Dad took a look at the clock and found it had turned/been past five o'clock.

(爸爸看了時鐘一眼,發現已過了五點。)

練 習

1. I fell in love with the minister's son in the winter when I ______ fourteen.

(A)past  (B)turned  (C)was turning  (D)passed

2. Ed ___ sixty last year, and now he is ___ his early sixties.

(A)turns; in  (B)turned; at  (C)turned; in  (D)has turned; at

3. Another day begins when it has __________ midnight.

(A)turned (B)changed (C)passed (D)been

B;C;A

 

3. as adj./adv. as...         和…一樣…

說 明"as...as..."意為「和…一樣…」,前一個as為副詞,後一個as為連接詞,而其所引導的子句常省略動詞。本句型改為否定句時,前一個as可以改為so

例 句

1. The housewife is as busy as a bee (is). 

(這個家庭主婦像蜜蜂般地忙碌。)

2. This diamond watch is as expensive as a car (is).     (這隻鑽錶和一臺車一樣貴。)

3. James didn't read the report as/so carefully as I (did).

(James沒有和我一樣仔細地閱讀這份報告。)

練 習

1. He was not Chinese, but ____ white ____ Mary in the manger.

(A)very; like  (B)so; as  (C)as; as 

(D)too; like

                             

4. S + V1 + as soon as + S + V2....

S + V1...upon + V2-ing....

說 明as soon as為附屬連接詞,用來連接表「時間」的副詞子句,可替換為介系詞uponon,其後接動名詞片語,表示「一…就…」。the moment/instant這些名詞可當連接詞用來連接副詞子句,相當於as soon as(見例句2)。

例 句

1. Amy rushed into the room to see what happened as soon as she heard the baby crying.

àAmy rushed into the room to see what happened (up)on hearing the baby crying.

(一聽到嬰兒在哭,Amy立刻衝入房內看發生了什麼事。)

2. As soon as the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.

à(Up)on seeing her mother, the frightened girl burst into tears.

àThe moment/instant the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.  (一看到母親,受驚的小女孩立刻嚎淘大哭。)

練 習

1. Mia一看到血就昏倒。

Mia fainted _____ _____ ____ she saw blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ she saw blood.

 

5. take the trouble to do V  不辭辛勞地去…

說 明類似片語有spare no effort to V; take pains to V

例 句

1. Busy as the traffic policeman was, he took the trouble/spared no effort/took pains to show me the way to the train station.

(雖然很忙,這個交通警察仍不嫌麻煩地告訴我到車站的路。)

2. Mother always takes the trouble/spares no effort/takes pains to pick me up. 

(媽媽總是不辭辛勞地來接我。)

練 習

1. Maria總是不嫌麻煩地替她的男友燙襯衫。Maria always _____ no _____ _____ iron her boyfriend's shirts.

3. 我們很感激那些不辭勞苦服務社會的人。

We are very grateful to those who ____ ____ to serve our society.

 

6. There be + N(P) + V-ing/V-en

說 明此句型中的現在分詞(V-ing)係由形容詞子句簡化而來,表示「主動(進行)」之意,修飾前方的名詞。若形容詞子句裡的動詞為被動語態,則可簡化為過去分詞(V-en)

例 句

1. There were a crowd of people protesting against the government's new regulation in the street.

(街上有一大群人在抗議政府的新法令)

2. There were many soldiers killed in that battle.  (很多士兵死於那場戰役中。)

3. There was a gun held in the robber's hand.  (搶匪手裡握著一把槍。)

練 習

1. There was a boy __________ stealing in the shop.    (A)catch    (B)caught

 (C)catching  (D)who caught

2. There were many students __________ in the classroom.  (A)singing  (B)sang         

(C)sung    (D)who singing

Pattern One p. 181

Voc 14-25 p. 177

Scottish rugby fans are licking their lips in anticipation.

lick one's lips 心急地期盼

lick one's boots 奉承討好

Dip the strawberries into melted chocolate.

Dipping sauce

murmur (v; n) 私下埋怨,發牢騷

The neighborhood murmured at the constant construction noise.

Mrs. Brown took care of her sick husband

without a murmur. (毫無怨言)

poke vt. 探出,伸出()

It was dangerous for the child to poke his head out of the window while the car was still moving.

poke one’s nose into sth 干涉,管閒事

pluck (v)

He plucked her a rose/ an apple.

他摘了一朵玫瑰花給她。

The noodle stand clerk plucked a couple of plastic bags from the roll

Has the goose been plucked?

鵝的毛拔掉了沒有?

He plucked the letter from her hands.

他從她手裡把信抓了過來。

I was astonished to learn that he had passed away.

The astonishing news came as a sudden shock.

The special effects of the movie were stunning. The audience was stunned.

What a shame! = What a pity!

真可惜! (表遺憾、可惜的事)

Shame on you!

你真是可恥!

His misconduct brings shame on the whole school.

他的惡劣行徑給整個學校帶來恥辱。

 

Reading 25-52 p. 172

7....N(P), V-ing/V-en...                                          

說 明此句型為非限定關係子句簡化成分詞片語的用法。視主動與被動決定動詞型態

例 句

1. Charlie Chaplin, acting (=who acted) in many silent movies in the 1920s, was a successful comedian.

(查理‧卓別林是一個在1920年代演出許多默片的成功喜劇演員。)

2. The Bermuda Triangle, (which is) surrounded by mystery, is an area between Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico.  (充滿神秘事件的百慕達三角洲是一個介於百慕達群島、佛羅里達州和波多黎各間的區域。)

練 習

1. My relatives, ____ across the table, dipped their chopsticks into the dozen plates of food.

(A)to reach  (B)reached  (C)reaching  (D)who reaching

2. Toast snails, often ____ as a delicacy in many French restaurants, will never be acceptable to most people.

(A)served  (B)serving  (C)be served 

(D)to serve

*3. The "V" sign, __________ for "victory," was first used by Winston Churchill.

(A)that stands  (B)stood   (C)which standing  (D)standing

 

8. or so                         大約

說 明相當於aboutmore or less。需注意的是about要放在數字單位之前,而or somore or less 則置於數字單位之後。此外more or less前後通常會加逗點。

例 句

1. It took me two days or so/, more or less, to write this report.

It took me about two days to write this report.

(我花了大約兩天寫這份報告。)

2. I have been waiting for Karen for forty minutes or so/, more or less.

I have been waiting for Karen for about forty minutes.

(我已經等了Karen大約四十分鐘。)

練 習

1. The newborn baby weighed seven pounds ___.    (A)even so  (B)so much 

(C)and so   (D)or so

 

9.pull off       達到、做到(某件難事)

例 句

1. The merchant is glad to have pulled off a deal.  (這商人很高興終於做成一筆生意。)

2. The reporter pulled off an exclusive interview.  (這個記者搶到一個獨家專訪。)

練 習

1. 牧師勉強打了一個無聲的嗝。

The minister managed to ___ ___ a quiet burp.

 

10. the same as...         和…一樣

說 明相等於like。這邊的same為代名詞,指同樣的人或事物。"the same as..."亦可改為把same當形容詞後面接名詞的用法:"the same + N + as..."

例 句

1. This comic book is the same as/like yours.

  (這本漫畫書和你的那本一樣。)

2. Bill went to New York in the same year as I did.  (Bill和我同一年去紐約。)

 

11. S + Aux not V/be not...until + N(P)....

It + is/was + not until + N(P) + that + S + V(-ed)/be....              直到…才…

說 明

此句型為將"not...until...."的句型改為強調句的用法,用來強調副詞片語"not until + N(P)"或副詞子同"not until + S + V",注意that後面的子句不必改成倒裝句。

例 句

Jimmy didn't tell me the truth until yesterday.

It was not until yesterday that Jimmy told me the truth.

Not until yesterday did Jimmy tell me the truth.  (直到昨天,Jimmy才對我說實話。)

Father will not come home for supper until 8 p.m.

It is not until 8 p.m. that Father will come home for supper.

Not until 8 p.m. will Father come home for supper.

(直到晚上八點爸爸才會回家吃晚飯。)

You will not know the importance of health until you are sick.

It is not until you are sick that you will know the importance of health.

Not until you are sick will you know the importance of health.

(直到生病,你才會知道健康的重要性。)

練 習

1. 直到雨停我們才出門。

We ____ go out ____ it stopped raining.

____ ___ not until it stopped raining ___ we went out.

___ ___ it stopped raining ___ ___ go out.

 

12.get over            從…恢復;忘懷…

說 明get over意為「從(疾病等)恢復、康復」時,相當於recover from

例 句

1. Mandy has got over/recovered from her illness, so she no longer looks pale.

(Mandy病好了,所以不再臉色蒼白。)

2. The little girl cannot get over the pain of losing her beloved pet.

(小女孩沒辦法淡忘失去心愛寵物的痛。)

練 習

1.喝熱水和多休息能幫你迅速從感冒中復原。

Drinking hot water and getting enough rest may help you ____ ___ your bad cold quickly.

 

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U 10 :: 2009/11/23 17:26

U10 Voc 1-13

prime minister 首相

Minister of Finance 財政部部長

Minister of Foreign Affairs 外交部部長

Minister of Education 教育部部長

Minister of Economic Affairs 經濟部部長

Minister of Justice 司法部部長

accept/take up an invitation 接受邀請函

refused/declined/turned down an invitation        拒絕…的邀請

a close/distant/blood relative

近親/遠親/血親

relative adj. 有關係的,相關的;相對性的

Your proposal isn't relative to the problem.

"Good" and "bad" are relative terms.

lack 當動詞為及物V 直接加受詞

lack confidence

Do you lack anything?

lack 當名詞 後常與介詞of連用

He took the job for lack of money.

New parents usually suffer from lack of sleep.

It’s a comment based on a total lack of information.

a litterbag (特指在交通工具使用的) 垃圾袋

No littering

I was caught in the rain and got soaked to the

skin. (全身溼透)

soak oneself in  埋頭於…,沉浸於…

Reading 1-24 p. 171

1. fall in love with sb.      愛上某人

說 明相當於be in love with sb. ßàbreak up with sb.意為「與某人分手」

例 句

1. John fell/was in love with his teacher's daughter.  (John愛上他老師的女兒。)

2. Diane broke up with her boyfriend because she found he fell/was in love with another girl.  (Diane和她的男友分手,因為她發現他愛上另一個女孩。)

練 習

1. Maria是如此的迷人,以致於Tony忍不住就愛上她了。

Maria is so attractive that Tony cannot help ___ ____ ____ ____ her.

 

2. turn + 年齡/時刻                                                       

說 明turn後面加上年齡或時刻意為「超過、到達某一年齡或時刻」,相當於be past

例 句

1. Tim has just turned/been past twenty. 

(Tim剛剛滿二十歲。)

2. Dad took a look at the clock and found it had turned/been past five o'clock.

(爸爸看了時鐘一眼,發現已過了五點。)

練 習

1. I fell in love with the minister's son in the winter when I ______ fourteen.

(A)past  (B)turned  (C)was turning  (D)passed

2. Ed ___ sixty last year, and now he is ___ his early sixties.

(A)turns; in  (B)turned; at  (C)turned; in  (D)has turned; at

3. Another day begins when it has __________ midnight.

(A)turned (B)changed (C)passed (D)been

B;C;A

 

3. as adj./adv. as...         和…一樣…

說 明"as...as..."意為「和…一樣…」,前一個as為副詞,後一個as為連接詞,而其所引導的子句常省略動詞。本句型改為否定句時,前一個as可以改為so

例 句

1. The housewife is as busy as a bee (is). 

(這個家庭主婦像蜜蜂般地忙碌。)

2. This diamond watch is as expensive as a car (is).     (這隻鑽錶和一臺車一樣貴。)

3. James didn't read the report as/so carefully as I (did).

(James沒有和我一樣仔細地閱讀這份報告。)

練 習

1. He was not Chinese, but ____ white ____ Mary in the manger.

(A)very; like  (B)so; as  (C)as; as 

(D)too; like

                             

4. S + V1 + as soon as + S + V2....

S + V1...upon + V2-ing....

說 明as soon as為附屬連接詞,用來連接表「時間」的副詞子句,可替換為介系詞uponon,其後接動名詞片語,表示「一…就…」。the moment/instant這些名詞可當連接詞用來連接副詞子句,相當於as soon as(見例句2)。

例 句

1. Amy rushed into the room to see what happened as soon as she heard the baby crying.

àAmy rushed into the room to see what happened (up)on hearing the baby crying.

(一聽到嬰兒在哭,Amy立刻衝入房內看發生了什麼事。)

2. As soon as the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.

à(Up)on seeing her mother, the frightened girl burst into tears.

àThe moment/instant the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.  (一看到母親,受驚的小女孩立刻嚎淘大哭。)

練 習

1. Mia一看到血就昏倒。

Mia fainted _____ _____ ____ she saw blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ she saw blood.

 

5. take the trouble to do V  不辭辛勞地去…

說 明類似片語有spare no effort to V; take pains to V

例 句

1. Busy as the traffic policeman was, he took the trouble/spared no effort/took pains to show me the way to the train station.

(雖然很忙,這個交通警察仍不嫌麻煩地告訴我到車站的路。)

2. Mother always takes the trouble/spares no effort/takes pains to pick me up. 

(媽媽總是不辭辛勞地來接我。)

練 習

1. Maria總是不嫌麻煩地替她的男友燙襯衫。Maria always _____ no _____ _____ iron her boyfriend's shirts.

3. 我們很感激那些不辭勞苦服務社會的人。

We are very grateful to those who ____ ____ to serve our society.

 

6. There be + N(P) + V-ing/V-en

說 明此句型中的現在分詞(V-ing)係由形容詞子句簡化而來,表示「主動(進行)」之意,修飾前方的名詞。若形容詞子句裡的動詞為被動語態,則可簡化為過去分詞(V-en)

例 句

1. There were a crowd of people protesting against the government's new regulation in the street.

(街上有一大群人在抗議政府的新法令)

2. There were many soldiers killed in that battle.  (很多士兵死於那場戰役中。)

3. There was a gun held in the robber's hand.  (搶匪手裡握著一把槍。)

練 習

1. There was a boy __________ stealing in the shop.    (A)catch    (B)caught

 (C)catching  (D)who caught

2. There were many students __________ in the classroom.  (A)singing  (B)sang         

(C)sung    (D)who singing

Pattern One p. 181

Voc 14-25 p. 177

Scottish rugby fans are licking their lips in anticipation.

lick one's lips 心急地期盼

lick one's boots 奉承討好

Dip the strawberries into melted chocolate.

Dipping sauce

murmur (v; n) 私下埋怨,發牢騷

The neighborhood murmured at the constant construction noise.

Mrs. Brown took care of her sick husband

without a murmur. (毫無怨言)

poke vt. 探出,伸出()

It was dangerous for the child to poke his head out of the window while the car was still moving.

poke one’s nose into sth 干涉,管閒事

pluck (v)

He plucked her a rose/ an apple.

他摘了一朵玫瑰花給她。

The noodle stand clerk plucked a couple of plastic bags from the roll

Has the goose been plucked?

鵝的毛拔掉了沒有?

He plucked the letter from her hands.

他從她手裡把信抓了過來。

I was astonished to learn that he had passed away.

The astonishing news came as a sudden shock.

The special effects of the movie were stunning. The audience was stunned.

What a shame! = What a pity!

真可惜! (表遺憾、可惜的事)

Shame on you!

你真是可恥!

His misconduct brings shame on the whole school.

他的惡劣行徑給整個學校帶來恥辱。

 

Reading 25-52 p. 172

7....N(P), V-ing/V-en...                                          

說 明此句型為非限定關係子句簡化成分詞片語的用法。視主動與被動決定動詞型態

例 句

1. Charlie Chaplin, acting (=who acted) in many silent movies in the 1920s, was a successful comedian.

(查理‧卓別林是一個在1920年代演出許多默片的成功喜劇演員。)

2. The Bermuda Triangle, (which is) surrounded by mystery, is an area between Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico.  (充滿神秘事件的百慕達三角洲是一個介於百慕達群島、佛羅里達州和波多黎各間的區域。)

練 習

1. My relatives, ____ across the table, dipped their chopsticks into the dozen plates of food.

(A)to reach  (B)reached  (C)reaching  (D)who reaching

2. Toast snails, often ____ as a delicacy in many French restaurants, will never be acceptable to most people.

(A)served  (B)serving  (C)be served 

(D)to serve

*3. The "V" sign, __________ for "victory," was first used by Winston Churchill.

(A)that stands  (B)stood   (C)which standing  (D)standing

 

8. or so                         大約

說 明相當於aboutmore or less。需注意的是about要放在數字單位之前,而or somore or less 則置於數字單位之後。此外more or less前後通常會加逗點。

例 句

1. It took me two days or so/, more or less, to write this report.

It took me about two days to write this report.

(我花了大約兩天寫這份報告。)

2. I have been waiting for Karen for forty minutes or so/, more or less.

I have been waiting for Karen for about forty minutes.

(我已經等了Karen大約四十分鐘。)

練 習

1. The newborn baby weighed seven pounds ___.    (A)even so  (B)so much 

(C)and so   (D)or so

 

9.pull off       達到、做到(某件難事)

例 句

1. The merchant is glad to have pulled off a deal.  (這商人很高興終於做成一筆生意。)

2. The reporter pulled off an exclusive interview.  (這個記者搶到一個獨家專訪。)

練 習

1. 牧師勉強打了一個無聲的嗝。

The minister managed to ___ ___ a quiet burp.

 

10. the same as...         和…一樣

說 明相等於like。這邊的same為代名詞,指同樣的人或事物。"the same as..."亦可改為把same當形容詞後面接名詞的用法:"the same + N + as..."

例 句

1. This comic book is the same as/like yours.

  (這本漫畫書和你的那本一樣。)

2. Bill went to New York in the same year as I did.  (Bill和我同一年去紐約。)

 

11. S + Aux not V/be not...until + N(P)....

It + is/was + not until + N(P) + that + S + V(-ed)/be....              直到…才…

說 明

此句型為將"not...until...."的句型改為強調句的用法,用來強調副詞片語"not until + N(P)"或副詞子同"not until + S + V",注意that後面的子句不必改成倒裝句。

例 句

Jimmy didn't tell me the truth until yesterday.

It was not until yesterday that Jimmy told me the truth.

Not until yesterday did Jimmy tell me the truth.  (直到昨天,Jimmy才對我說實話。)

Father will not come home for supper until 8 p.m.

It is not until 8 p.m. that Father will come home for supper.

Not until 8 p.m. will Father come home for supper.

(直到晚上八點爸爸才會回家吃晚飯。)

You will not know the importance of health until you are sick.

It is not until you are sick that you will know the importance of health.

Not until you are sick will you know the importance of health.

(直到生病,你才會知道健康的重要性。)

練 習

1. 直到雨停我們才出門。

We ____ go out ____ it stopped raining.

____ ___ not until it stopped raining ___ we went out.

___ ___ it stopped raining ___ ___ go out.

 

12.get over            從…恢復;忘懷…

說 明get over意為「從(疾病等)恢復、康復」時,相當於recover from

例 句

1. Mandy has got over/recovered from her illness, so she no longer looks pale.

(Mandy病好了,所以不再臉色蒼白。)

2. The little girl cannot get over the pain of losing her beloved pet.

(小女孩沒辦法淡忘失去心愛寵物的痛。)

練 習

1.喝熱水和多休息能幫你迅速從感冒中復原。

Drinking hot water and getting enough rest may help you ____ ___ your bad cold quickly.

 

引用地址 :: http://203.64.138.5/blog/rosacjlee/trackback/137
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U 10 :: 2009/11/23 17:26

U10 Voc 1-13

prime minister 首相

Minister of Finance 財政部部長

Minister of Foreign Affairs 外交部部長

Minister of Education 教育部部長

Minister of Economic Affairs 經濟部部長

Minister of Justice 司法部部長

accept/take up an invitation 接受邀請函

refused/declined/turned down an invitation        拒絕…的邀請

a close/distant/blood relative

近親/遠親/血親

relative adj. 有關係的,相關的;相對性的

Your proposal isn't relative to the problem.

"Good" and "bad" are relative terms.

lack 當動詞為及物V 直接加受詞

lack confidence

Do you lack anything?

lack 當名詞 後常與介詞of連用

He took the job for lack of money.

New parents usually suffer from lack of sleep.

It’s a comment based on a total lack of information.

a litterbag (特指在交通工具使用的) 垃圾袋

No littering

I was caught in the rain and got soaked to the

skin. (全身溼透)

soak oneself in  埋頭於…,沉浸於…

Reading 1-24 p. 171

1. fall in love with sb.      愛上某人

說 明相當於be in love with sb. ßàbreak up with sb.意為「與某人分手」

例 句

1. John fell/was in love with his teacher's daughter.  (John愛上他老師的女兒。)

2. Diane broke up with her boyfriend because she found he fell/was in love with another girl.  (Diane和她的男友分手,因為她發現他愛上另一個女孩。)

練 習

1. Maria是如此的迷人,以致於Tony忍不住就愛上她了。

Maria is so attractive that Tony cannot help ___ ____ ____ ____ her.

 

2. turn + 年齡/時刻                                                       

說 明turn後面加上年齡或時刻意為「超過、到達某一年齡或時刻」,相當於be past

例 句

1. Tim has just turned/been past twenty. 

(Tim剛剛滿二十歲。)

2. Dad took a look at the clock and found it had turned/been past five o'clock.

(爸爸看了時鐘一眼,發現已過了五點。)

練 習

1. I fell in love with the minister's son in the winter when I ______ fourteen.

(A)past  (B)turned  (C)was turning  (D)passed

2. Ed ___ sixty last year, and now he is ___ his early sixties.

(A)turns; in  (B)turned; at  (C)turned; in  (D)has turned; at

3. Another day begins when it has __________ midnight.

(A)turned (B)changed (C)passed (D)been

B;C;A

 

3. as adj./adv. as...         和…一樣…

說 明"as...as..."意為「和…一樣…」,前一個as為副詞,後一個as為連接詞,而其所引導的子句常省略動詞。本句型改為否定句時,前一個as可以改為so

例 句

1. The housewife is as busy as a bee (is). 

(這個家庭主婦像蜜蜂般地忙碌。)

2. This diamond watch is as expensive as a car (is).     (這隻鑽錶和一臺車一樣貴。)

3. James didn't read the report as/so carefully as I (did).

(James沒有和我一樣仔細地閱讀這份報告。)

練 習

1. He was not Chinese, but ____ white ____ Mary in the manger.

(A)very; like  (B)so; as  (C)as; as 

(D)too; like

                             

4. S + V1 + as soon as + S + V2....

S + V1...upon + V2-ing....

說 明as soon as為附屬連接詞,用來連接表「時間」的副詞子句,可替換為介系詞uponon,其後接動名詞片語,表示「一…就…」。the moment/instant這些名詞可當連接詞用來連接副詞子句,相當於as soon as(見例句2)。

例 句

1. Amy rushed into the room to see what happened as soon as she heard the baby crying.

àAmy rushed into the room to see what happened (up)on hearing the baby crying.

(一聽到嬰兒在哭,Amy立刻衝入房內看發生了什麼事。)

2. As soon as the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.

à(Up)on seeing her mother, the frightened girl burst into tears.

àThe moment/instant the frightened girl saw her mother, she burst into tears.  (一看到母親,受驚的小女孩立刻嚎淘大哭。)

練 習

1. Mia一看到血就昏倒。

Mia fainted _____ _____ ____ she saw blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ blood.

Mia fainted ______ ______ she saw blood.

 

5. take the trouble to do V  不辭辛勞地去…

說 明類似片語有spare no effort to V; take pains to V

例 句

1. Busy as the traffic policeman was, he took the trouble/spared no effort/took pains to show me the way to the train station.

(雖然很忙,這個交通警察仍不嫌麻煩地告訴我到車站的路。)

2. Mother always takes the trouble/spares no effort/takes pains to pick me up. 

(媽媽總是不辭辛勞地來接我。)

練 習

1. Maria總是不嫌麻煩地替她的男友燙襯衫。Maria always _____ no _____ _____ iron her boyfriend's shirts.

3. 我們很感激那些不辭勞苦服務社會的人。

We are very grateful to those who ____ ____ to serve our society.

 

6. There be + N(P) + V-ing/V-en

說 明此句型中的現在分詞(V-ing)係由形容詞子句簡化而來,表示「主動(進行)」之意,修飾前方的名詞。若形容詞子句裡的動詞為被動語態,則可簡化為過去分詞(V-en)

例 句

1. There were a crowd of people protesting against the government's new regulation in the street.

(街上有一大群人在抗議政府的新法令)

2. There were many soldiers killed in that battle.  (很多士兵死於那場戰役中。)

3. There was a gun held in the robber's hand.  (搶匪手裡握著一把槍。)

練 習

1. There was a boy __________ stealing in the shop.    (A)catch    (B)caught

 (C)catching  (D)who caught

2. There were many students __________ in the classroom.  (A)singing  (B)sang         

(C)sung    (D)who singing

Pattern One p. 181

Voc 14-25 p. 177

Scottish rugby fans are licking their lips in anticipation.

lick one's lips 心急地期盼

lick one's boots 奉承討好

Dip the strawberries into melted chocolate.

Dipping sauce

murmur (v; n) 私下埋怨,發牢騷

The neighborhood murmured at the constant construction noise.

Mrs. Brown took care of her sick husband

without a murmur. (毫無怨言)

poke vt. 探出,伸出()

It was dangerous for the child to poke his head out of the window while the car was still moving.

poke one’s nose into sth 干涉,管閒事

pluck (v)

He plucked her a rose/ an apple.

他摘了一朵玫瑰花給她。

The noodle stand clerk plucked a couple of plastic bags from the roll

Has the goose been plucked?

鵝的毛拔掉了沒有?

He plucked the letter from her hands.

他從她手裡把信抓了過來。

I was astonished to learn that he had passed away.

The astonishing news came as a sudden shock.

The special effects of the movie were stunning. The audience was stunned.

What a shame! = What a pity!

真可惜! (表遺憾、可惜的事)

Shame on you!

你真是可恥!

His misconduct brings shame on the whole school.

他的惡劣行徑給整個學校帶來恥辱。

 

Reading 25-52 p. 172

7....N(P), V-ing/V-en...                                          

說 明此句型為非限定關係子句簡化成分詞片語的用法。視主動與被動決定動詞型態

例 句

1. Charlie Chaplin, acting (=who acted) in many silent movies in the 1920s, was a successful comedian.

(查理‧卓別林是一個在1920年代演出許多默片的成功喜劇演員。)

2. The Bermuda Triangle, (which is) surrounded by mystery, is an area between Bermuda, Florida, and Puerto Rico.  (充滿神秘事件的百慕達三角洲是一個介於百慕達群島、佛羅里達州和波多黎各間的區域。)

練 習

1. My relatives, ____ across the table, dipped their chopsticks into the dozen plates of food.

(A)to reach  (B)reached  (C)reaching  (D)who reaching

2. Toast snails, often ____ as a delicacy in many French restaurants, will never be acceptable to most people.

(A)served  (B)serving  (C)be served 

(D)to serve

*3. The "V" sign, __________ for "victory," was first used by Winston Churchill.

(A)that stands  (B)stood   (C)which standing  (D)standing

 

8. or so                         大約

說 明相當於aboutmore or less。需注意的是about要放在數字單位之前,而or somore or less 則置於數字單位之後。此外more or less前後通常會加逗點。

例 句

1. It took me two days or so/, more or less, to write this report.

It took me about two days to write this report.

(我花了大約兩天寫這份報告。)

2. I have been waiting for Karen for forty minutes or so/, more or less.

I have been waiting for Karen for about forty minutes.

(我已經等了Karen大約四十分鐘。)

練 習

1. The newborn baby weighed seven pounds ___.    (A)even so  (B)so much 

(C)and so   (D)or so

 

9.pull off       達到、做到(某件難事)

例 句

1. The merchant is glad to have pulled off a deal.  (這商人很高興終於做成一筆生意。)

2. The reporter pulled off an exclusive interview.  (這個記者搶到一個獨家專訪。)

練 習

1. 牧師勉強打了一個無聲的嗝。

The minister managed to ___ ___ a quiet burp.

 

10. the same as...         和…一樣

說 明相等於like。這邊的same為代名詞,指同樣的人或事物。"the same as..."亦可改為把same當形容詞後面接名詞的用法:"the same + N + as..."

例 句

1. This comic book is the same as/like yours.

  (這本漫畫書和你的那本一樣。)

2. Bill went to New York in the same year as I did.  (Bill和我同一年去紐約。)

 

11. S + Aux not V/be not...until + N(P)....

It + is/was + not until + N(P) + that + S + V(-ed)/be....              直到…才…

說 明

此句型為將"not...until...."的句型改為強調句的用法,用來強調副詞片語"not until + N(P)"或副詞子同"not until + S + V",注意that後面的子句不必改成倒裝句。

例 句

Jimmy didn't tell me the truth until yesterday.

It was not until yesterday that Jimmy told me the truth.

Not until yesterday did Jimmy tell me the truth.  (直到昨天,Jimmy才對我說實話。)

Father will not come home for supper until 8 p.m.

It is not until 8 p.m. that Father will come home for supper.

Not until 8 p.m. will Father come home for supper.

(直到晚上八點爸爸才會回家吃晚飯。)

You will not know the importance of health until you are sick.

It is not until you are sick that you will know the importance of health.

Not until you are sick will you know the importance of health.

(直到生病,你才會知道健康的重要性。)

練 習

1. 直到雨停我們才出門。

We ____ go out ____ it stopped raining.

____ ___ not until it stopped raining ___ we went out.

___ ___ it stopped raining ___ ___ go out.

 

12.get over            從…恢復;忘懷…

說 明get over意為「從(疾病等)恢復、康復」時,相當於recover from

例 句

1. Mandy has got over/recovered from her illness, so she no longer looks pale.

(Mandy病好了,所以不再臉色蒼白。)

2. The little girl cannot get over the pain of losing her beloved pet.

(小女孩沒辦法淡忘失去心愛寵物的痛。)

練 習

1.喝熱水和多休息能幫你迅速從感冒中復原。

Drinking hot water and getting enough rest may help you ____ ___ your bad cold quickly.

 

引用地址 :: http://203.64.138.5/blog/rosacjlee/trackback/137
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